What is Aikido?
Aikido is one of the martial arts, which originated in Japan. After World War II, Aikido rapidly spread and nowadays has become more and more popular in many countries. "The Aikido-boom" can be seen around the world. Why is Aikido now loved by all different generations, regardless of nationality, culture, language, etc.?
The principal of Aikido is not to resist the law of nature, but to harmonize without using physical strength. Aikido techniques are applied by using your own power together with your enemy's power. This means, no matter if you are strong or weak, big or small, male or female, young or old, you can do Aikido without having to be a top athlete.
The basic style of Aikido training is "practicing pre-arranged form (Kata)". Two partners practice the form of the technique becoming Shite
(the person applying the technique) and Uke (the one receiving the technique). By training this way repeatedly, Aikido techniques are acquired and the training is more
practical for students. In Kata-style training there is no competition, with no feelings of winning or losing.
You always train to improve yourself with a pure heart and a pure mind in harmony with your partner. Aikido is called "The martial art of harmony". Aikido derives from Daito-Ryu Aiki-Jujutsu.
History of Aikido.
Aikido, a traditional Japanese martial art, was developed in the early part of this century by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), now known as O-Sensei
(venerable teacher). Morihei Ueshiba O-Sensei, the Aikido Kaiso (founder), was born in 1883 in Tanabe, a coastal town in southern Japan. From the time of his youth,
he studied various martial arts, eventually including sumo, swordsmanship, spear technique, staff technique, and various styles of jiujutsu, particularly the Yagyu and Daito styles.
From youth, Ueshiba also appears to have been a deeply sensitive and spiritual person. Eventually influenced by the charismatic spiritual leader and artist Onisaburo Deguchi, he came to view his martial training as a means of personal purification and spiritual training.
“There are no contests in the Art of Peace. A true warrior is invincible because he or she contests with nothing.” - O-Sensei
The time of O-Sensei’s life saw Japan involved in some of the most violent conflicts of the 20th century, culminating in the Pacific war.
However, it was during this time that he founded Aikido and declared it to be a way of joining the peoples of the world together in peace. In this way, Aikido is truly Budo – a
martial Way – rather than simply a bujutsu (martial technique) or bugei (martial art). When martial training is undertaken not simply as a means to conquer others, but as a means
to refine and perfect the self, this can be said to be Budo. The famous motto of O-Sensei, “Masakatsu Agatsu”, contains the essence of the spirit of Aikido: “True victory is victory
over the self.”
The Kaiso’s incredible technical expertise and charisma brought him tremendous support from high-ranking military officers, government personnel, and the Imperial family during his life. Following his death in 1969, he was posthumously awarded an Imperial medal for his unique contributions. However, recognitions and honors aside, it was the universality of his insights, and his vision of the martial Way being open to all sincere persons internationally, which have led to the phenomenal growth of Aikido. The noblest philosophies and intentions of the samurai have become a part of world culture, and give spiritual sustenance to millions of persons of all cultures; this is largely due to the groundbreaking influence of Morihei Ueshiba O-Sensei.
Aikido Founder - Morihei Ueshiba | 植芝 盛平
Late Doshu - Kisshomaru Ueshiba | 植芝 吉祥丸
Kisshomaru Ueshiba, Nidai Doshu (the second “master of the Way” of Aikido), son of Morihei Ueshiba, was born in 1922. From early youth, he trained under the guidance of his father. During the confusion of the wartime period, when allied fire-bombings reduced much of Tokyo to ruins, it was he who remained in the city and preserved the original dojo building. Following the war, as Aikido entered its golden age and began to attract public attention, he was instrumental in leading and organizing what would become the Zaidan Hojin Aikikai – the government-recognized, not-for-profit organization which exists today as the center of world Aikido. Upon the death of O-Sensei in 1969, Kisshomaru Ueshiba was named the second Doshu of Aikido.
“One becomes vulnerable when one stops to think about winning, losing, taking advantage, impressing or disregarding the opponent.” - K. Ueshiba Doshu
From that time on, Doshu quietly went about the business of spreading Aikido internationally. The tremendous expansion of the art, and
the now millions of practitioners, can largely be called his creation. It was he who coordinated the sending of Japanese Shihan overseas, thereby founding and developing the
seeds of large organizations in other nations. He also maintained the strong support of government officials and businessmen in Japan, and built new support of this kind
internationally. His many publications of Aikido technique and philosophy have further spread Aikido’s influence. The high educational and professional standards of Aikido,
and the respect it has gained, are a result of these efforts.
In 1999 Kisshomaru Ueshiba died in Tokyo, having successfully transformed the vision of his father into an international movement.